The Strange Situation (Ainsworth, 1969)
In 1969, American psychologist Mary Ainsworth gave developmental psychology a new procedure for studying attachment in infants. She called it the Strange Situation.
How Babies Form Attachments (Schaffer & Emerson, 1964)
Schaffer & Emerson (1964) conducted an observational study of 60 children in Glasgow, Scotland, to understand how babies form and develop attachments.
Pavlov’s Dogs and How People Learn (Classical Conditioning)
Ivan Pavlov - a Russian Physiologist, and the first Russian to win the Nobel Peace Prize for Physiology or Medicine - was studying the gastric system of dogs when he observed that the dogs began salivating in anticipation of food... The dogs had learned to associate certain sounds, or doors opening, with the delivery of food.
Distinctions in Long Term Memory Tulving (1972)
Endel Tulving proposed one of the earliest, and notably influential, distinctions in Long Term Memory. His theory divided Long Term Memory into three separate processes.
Working Memory (Baddeley & Hitch, 1974)
In 1974, Baddeley & Hitch presented a new theory of primary memory, which distinguished itself from previous theories by splitting up the memory store into multiple components.
Paltering: The Art of Lying Truthfully (Rogers et al., 2016)
It might not be something we think about explicitly, but the act of lying is underpinned by a series of complex and intriguing psychological processes: goal-setting, social manipulation, theory of mind, memory, imagination...
Should teenagers work? (Steinberg et al., 1982)
One in five American high school students work more than 15 hours a week alongside their schooling and, whilst this can lead to positive outcome regarding self-management, there are several downsides associated with teen labour.
On Being Sane In Insane Places (Rosenhan, 1973)
A decade after the publication of One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest (by Ken Kesey), Stanford Psychologist David Rosenhan tested the limitations of psychiatry by submitting 8 perfectly healthy participants to psychiatric hospitals.