Is Psychology biased? SPOT Effect research highlights cognitive bias

The SPOT Effect presents a challenge to psychologists and other researchers who aim to empirically test hypotheses in order to build and evaluate theories.   Just as with the physical sciences (Physics, Biology and Chemistry), social science must uphold high levels of scientific rigour in order to claim its results are reliable and valid.     […]

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classical conditioning

Classical Conditioning

An Introduction to Operant Conditioning (Instrumental Conditioning) Operant conditioning, also known as Instrumental Conditioning, informs us of the interaction between environmental stimuli and our behaviours. The term ‘operant’ stems from the idea that the individual learns through responding, or operating on the environment. The basic premise of instrumental conditioning is when a particular action results in […]

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tulving

Tulving (1972) | Distinctions in Long Term Memory

Print PDF Whilst Western societies argue vehemently against child labour, there seems to be a very different attitude to adolescents partaking in the work force. One in five American high school students work more than 15 hours a week alongside their schooling and, whilst this can lead to positive outcome regarding self-management, there are several […]

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Social Psychology

In some ways, all psychology is social psychology because all psychological areas of study exist within a social context. However, there is a distinct field of social psychology that exists alongside other approaches, such as developmental or cognitive psychology.   Gordon Allport (1968) perhaps puts it best when he describes social psychology as the study of […]

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social psychology research topics

Social Psychology Research Topics

Whether you’re looking for social psychology research topics for your A-Level or AP Psychology class, or considering a research question to explore for your Psychology PhD, the Psychology Unlocked list of social psychology research topics provides you with a strong list of possible avenues to explore. Where possible we include links to university departments seeking PhD applications […]

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operant conditioning

Operant Conditioning

An Introduction to Operant Conditioning (Instrumental Conditioning) Operant conditioning, also known as Instrumental Conditioning, informs us of the interaction between environmental stimuli and our behaviours. The term ‘operant’ stems from the idea that the individual learns through responding, or operating on the environment. The basic premise of instrumental conditioning is when a particular action results in […]

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the big five personality traits

The Big Five Personality Traits

An Introduction to the Big Five Personality Traits The Big Five Personality Traits theory is, perhaps, the most famous of the trait theories of personality. Gordon Allport first recorded 18,000 words in the English language that referred to personality characteristics. Raymond Cattell proposed sixteen personality traits, using a factor analysis. Hans Eysenck developed Cattell’s work further […]

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eysenck theory

Eysenck Theory of Personality Traits

An Introduction to the Eysenck Theory of Three Factors Hans Eysenck (1916-1997) developed a very influential trait theory of personality, which has successful infiltrated the public mindset with regards to how we think about personality in day-to-day life. Using factor analysis to devise his theory, Eysenck (1947, 1966) identified three factors of personality: extroversion, neuroticism and psychoticism. […]

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trait theory

Trait Theory | An Introduction

What is a Trait Theory? A trait theory understands personality much as personality is talked about in day-to-day life: a set of personal characteristics or qualities that determines the different ways we behave in different situations. Trait theory has its origins in Ancient Greece and the work of the Greek physician Galen (2nd Century AD). […]

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Nomothetic and Idiographic Approaches

Nomothetic and Idiographic: Two Approaches to Personality The Nomothetic and Idiographic approaches tackle Personality Psychology from opposing angles. Personality psychologists study something that is supposedly unique to each of us, yet also something we all have. So is Personality Psychology the psychological equivalent of studying fingerprints? Psychologists tend to fall into one of two camps when approaching personality: […]

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