The Strange Situation- Mary Ainsworth

The Strange Situation | Mary Ainsworth (1969)

In 1969, American Psychologist Mary Ainsworth developed a new procedure for studying attachment types in infants. She called her procedure the Strange Situation Classification – known more commonly as just the Strange Situation. Ainsworth was a student of the leading Developmental Psychologist John Bowlby.    As an adult you know when you’ve formed an attachment […]

Lecture : Biology/Traits: Incentive Reward/Neuroticism

Personality Lecture on the Biological Traits of Reward and Neuroticism

In this lecture, I continue my discussion of the relationship between subcortical brain processes and the big five personality traits identified by psychometric researchers, focusing on the relationship between positive/negative emotion and extraversion/neuroticism. Bookmark Psychology Unlocked for all the latest fascinating insights into different types of Psychology.

Attachment schaffer emerson

How Babies Form Attachments in Four Stages | Schaffer & Emerson

Schaffer & Emerson (1964) conducted an observational study of 60 children in Glasgow, Scotland, to understand how babies form and develop attachments. They note that human infants take a significantly longer time to form a bond than newborn animals, such as ducks. Human infants’ attachments develop in four stages: 1) The Asocial Stage – usually […]

Lecture Biology/Traits in Personality: The Limbic System

Biology/Traits in Personality: The Limbic System

In this lecture, I begin my discussion of the relationship between brain function, at a deep, subcortical level, and the existence of the five traits identified by psychometric researchers. Bookmark Psychology Unlocked for all the latest fascinating insights into different types of Psychology.

Approaches Developmental Psychology started with Darwin's empirical observations of his own child and is now a huge area of psychology stretching from cradle to grave.

Developmental Psychology

Developmental psychology studies changes that occur in an individual over time. These changes can be physical, social or emotional. Developmental psychologists have an interest in studying individuals of all ages, so developmental studies consider old age as well as focusing on the early development of a child. Development is a lifelong process and so this approach […]

Approaches Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive Psychology is a division of experimental psychology that focuses on the mental processes by which knowledge of the world is attained, retained, and used.   The topics of cognitive psychology research are processes that are inferred from observations of human behaviour, but cannot be directly seen themselves. For example, attention, thinking and memory.   […]

Academic Research Is Psychology biased? SPOT Effect research highlights cognitive bias

Is Psychology biased? SPOT Effect research highlights cognitive bias

The SPOT Effect presents a challenge to psychologists and other researchers who aim to empirically test hypotheses in order to build and evaluate theories.   Just as with the physical sciences (Physics, Biology and Chemistry), social science must uphold high levels of scientific rigour in order to claim its results are reliable and valid.     […]

From The Web

Pt 1: Freedom Of Speech/Political Correctness: Dr. Norman Doidge

This is Part 1 of a 3-part posting from The Speakers Action Group (, who hosted Dr. Norman Doidge, author of the bestselling The Brain that Changes Itself and The Brain’s Way of Healing ( and Dr. Jordan B Peterson Sunday, January 22, 2017 to speak on freedom of speech and political correctness. Dr. Peterson […]

From The Web

Interview with great U Texas Austin psych prof JW Pennebaker

Dr. James W. Pennebaker is Professor of Psychology at the University of Texas at Austin, and the Executive Director of Project 2021, aimed at rethinking undergrad education at that university. I first encountered Dr. Pennebaker’s work when I was working on the SelfAuthoring Suite (, an online writing program which has helped thousands of college […]

From The Web

If Collectivists like Social Groups, and Cities are Social Groups, do Collectivists like Cities?

Do you like the place where you live? Maybe its got great architecture, its clean and crime free, the housing is cheap, and/or the nightlife is good? But maybe your liking for the place is also related to something else – your own tendency to identify with social groups? In some recent research, my colleagues […]